Peripheral Artery Surgery

Surgical Associates of Marshall County offers surgical treatment for peripheral artery disease in Albertville and Guntersville.

The peripheral arteries are the arteries located farthest from the heart. This includes arteries in the hands, feet and legs. These arteries are responsible for blood flow through to the extremities while veins are responsible for blood return to the heart. When there is an abnormality in the peripheral arteries and blood flow becomes obstructed, surgery is often necessary.

What is Peripheral Artery Disease?

Peripheral artery disease is characterized by the buildup of plaque in the peripheral arteries. Plaque is comprised of cholesterol, calcium, fibrous tissue and fat that can obstruct blood flow back to the heart. Peripheral artery disease is most common in the legs.

If left untreated peripheral artery disease can lead to the destruction of surrounding tissues (gangrene), and in severe situations may require amputation. Surgery for peripheral artery disease can restore blood vessel health and enhance blood circulation.

Symptoms of peripheral artery disease often include:

  • Pain and numbness in the legs or other extremities
  • Increased susceptibility to infection from decreased immune function

Peripheral artery disease is associated with increased risk for developing a number of serious conditions, including:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Transient ischemic attack or “mini stroke”

Peripheral Artery Surgery

Surgical Associates of Marshall County offer several forms of peripheral artery surgery. Your surgeon will provide you with details concerning your individual condition and the best treatment options for you.

The type of surgical procedure used to treat peripheral artery disease will depend largely upon the location of the affected veins.
The most common forms of peripheral artery surgery are as follows:

  • Stenting: This is a small tube placed within an artery or blood vessel to hold it open. This can allow blood to pass and reduce the obstruction caused by plaque buildup.
  • Angioplasty: This procedure uses a balloon that is introduced into the affected artery through a nearby blood vessel. The balloon inflates and pushes plaque out of the way of blood flow.
  • Peripheral Atherectomy: During this procedure your  surgeon will guide a catheter to the area of plaque buildup in the artery. When in place, the catheter removes destroys plaque, permitting blood to flow freely through the artery.
  • Endarterectomy:  This involves the surgical removal of plaque from a narrowed or blocked artery. Your vascular surgeon will remove the plaque through a minor incision in the affected artery, thereby restoring blood flow.
  • Traditional open bypass surgery: This procedure reroutes blood flow around a blocked artery by replacing the blocked portion of the blood vessel with a healthy artery from another part of your body, or with a synthetic tube.

Each of these procedures is minimally invasive and can often be completed on an outpatient basis.