Hemorrhoid Removal (Hemorrhoidectomy)

Surgical Associates of Marshall County offer minimally invasive hemorrhoid removal in Guntersville and Albertville.

Hemorrhoid surgery or hemorrhoidectomy is the removal of swollen and twisted veins that develop around the anus and lower rectum. Hemorrhoids are classified as internal or external depending on their placement. Surgical hemorrhoid removal is the leading form of treatment for oversized hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids are a common anal disorder that about half of the population experiences by the age of 50. Factors like weight gain, pregnancy and chronic digestive problems like diarrhea and constipation all increase your risk of developing hemorrhoids.

Common symptoms of hemorrhoids include:

  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Blood covering stool, on toilet tissue or in toilet bowl

Since rectal bleeding can be a sign of other serious intestinal disorders, it is important that you contact your physician immediately if you are experiencing these symptoms.

Hemorrhoid Removal

The first line of treatment for hemorrhoids is usually a combination of dietary and lifestyle changes. Hemorrhoidectomy is only used for the treatment of internal hemorrhoids that have not responded to other treatment measures. This procedure is performed under general anesthesia so you will remain asleep during the operation.

There are two forms of surgery for hemorrhoid removal:

  • Traditional hemorrhoidectomy: During the procedure, your physician will access the hemorrhoid anally and remove the twisted vein with either a scalpel or laser. Incisions are created in the anal tissue surrounding the hemorrhoid as the swollen vein is tied to prevent bleeding.
  • Stapled hemorrhoidopexy: During this procedure no incision is made. Instead, the hemorrhoid is placed in position and fastened with surgical staples.

The wound will be covered with medical gauze. Most people experience a complete recovery within several weeks.

Side Effects and Risks of Hemorrhoid Removal

Side effects and risks following hemorrhoid removal surgery are rare, but may include:

  • Pain passing urine and during bowel movements
  • Stool leakage
  • Bleeding
  • Infection

Your surgeon will address any risks associated with your hemorrhoid removal procedure. Following hemorrhoid removal you may be provided with medication to manage any pain. Sitz baths are also recommended to encourage healing and to keep the anus and rectum clean following bowel movements.